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Dutchess County

Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting

 All Amenia Listings

 Amenia Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting

12501, Winery, Restaurant, vineyard, winery, restaurant, award-winning table wines, a restaurant, Berkshire foothills, good food and wine, about Cascade Mountain Winery & Restaurant, Amenia NY, Hudson Valley | Dutchess Cascade Mountain Winery & Restaurant

845-373-9021 
  Cascade Mountain Winery & Restaurant is located at 835 Cascade Mountain Road, Amenia NY 12501 in the Hudson Valley. Cascade Mountain was founded in the spring of 1972 by the Wetmore family who pioneered the production of premium table wines on the eastern side of the Hudson River. Bill, along with his wife Margaret and their three children Charles, Michael and Joan, planted the vineyard in 1972, built the winery in 1977, and opened the restaurant in 1985. Cascade Mountain Winery & Restaurant | Dutchess  website and more . . .
 All Town of Clinton Listings

 Town of Clinton Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting

12514 , Vineyards, Clinton, Dutchess County, Winery, tours, tastings, wines, Hudson Valley, local farms, historic barns | Dutchess Clinton Vineyards

845-266-5372 
  Clinton Vineyards is located at 450 Schultzville Road, Clinton Corners NY 12514 in Dutchess County. Clinton Vineyards and Winery, located in the Hudson Valley is the premium producer of Seyval Blanc, white table wine, champagnes and dessert wines from grapes grown on the estate. Clinton Vineyards | Dutchess  website and more . . .
 All Dutchess County Listings

 Dutchess County Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting

Wine Trail,  Vineyards, orchards, wines, wine, wine cellars, wineries, mansions of the Hudson River, farms | Dutchess Dutchess Wine Trail

845-266-5372 
  Follow our Dutchess Wine Trail past the Vineyards, orchards and farms that provide the bounty of this beautiful valley. Along the way, you will sample wines that have gained international recognition while you tour the wine cellars and chat with the owners and winemakers. The Dutchess Wine Trail takes you to Alison Wines & Vineyards, Clinton Vineyards and Millbrook Vineyards, all within a half hour of each other. Complete list and descriptions of wineries. Dutchess Wine Trail | Dutchess  website and more . . .

wine, local wine event, Local Wine Events, wine education, wine shop, wine club, wine events, Wine & Food, BYOB, Restaurants, Food, Wine, Lodging | Dutchess Local Wine Events and More

610-647-4888 
  A Wine Loverís Event Resource
How many times have you found yourself looking for a really cool local wine event, wine education class, boutique wine shop or friendly wine club in your area? Or searched for wine events in destinations you plan on traveling to? After spending needless time searching inefficiently, you find very little or, worse, nothing more fun than visiting the local grocery storeís wine department. Or you could type www.LocalWineEvents.com into your browser and find it all at your fingertips. Local Wine Events and More | Dutchess  website and more . . .

Wine Country, list of wineries, Wine Region, Wine Regions, wineries, winery, Hudson River Valley,  New York Wine Country, Wine trails, historic wine regions, oldest vineyard, Shawangunk Wine Trail, Dutchess Wine Trail, Hudson River Region, Hudson River | Dutchess Uncork New York - Wine Regions

585-394-3620 
  From Lake Erie to Long Island New York Wine Country spans the entire breadth of New York State. View "Uncork New York" and click on the many New York Wine Regions. View the list of wineries found in each wine region as well as have the opportunity to view a short video clip on the region, peruse a map locating the wineries and check out the calendar of events for this particular region. Youíll also learn about each regionís specialties and find some general statistics. Uncork New York - Wine Regions | Dutchess  website and more . . .
 All Millbrook Village Listings

 Millbrook Village Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting

12545, Vineyards, Winery, Millbrook NY, Dutchess County, Hudson Valley, vineyard in the Hudson River Region, vinifera grapes, tours and tastings, tour of the Winery, winemaking process,  Hudson Valley's flagship winery | Dutchess Millbrook Vineyards & Winery

845-677-8383 
  Millbrook Vineyards & Winery is located at 26 Wing Road, Millbrook NY 12545, Dutchess County in the Hudson Valley. Millbrook Vineyards & Winery was the first vineyard in the Hudson River Region of New York dedicated exclusively to the production of vinifera grapes. Millbrook Vineyards & Wineryís 30-acres of vines include plantings of Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Franc, and an Italian varietal called Tocai Friulano. Dyson began planting vines at the Millbrook site in 1983. The southwest facing slopes and the gravelly soil proved excellent for viticulture. Millbrook Vineyards & Winery | Dutchess  website and more . . .
 All Red Hook Listings

 Red Hook Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting

12571, Wines, Vineyards,  Red Hook, Dutchess County, winemaking, Hudson Valley, apple wines, New York State, winery | Dutchess Alison Wines & Vineyards

845-758-6335 
  Alison Wines & Vineyards is located at 231 Pitcher Lane, Red Hook, NY 12571 in Dutchess County.

From Alison Wines & Vineyards: "Alison Wines & Vineyards began in 1999 because Winemaker Richard Lewit dreamed of combining his numerous, but seemingly disparate, interests and loves including: the outdoors; New Yorks Hudson Valley; biology and chemistry; wine and food. A native of Westchester and a graduate of nearby Bard College with a chemistry degree, Richard was working in New York City as a newspaper reporter when he realized that winemaking in the Hudson Valley combined what he wanted. Alison Wines & Vineyards | Dutchess  website and more . . .
 All Staatsburg Listings

 Staatsburg Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting

12580 Orchards Mills | Dutchess Breezy Hill Orchard and Cider Mill

845-266-3979 
  Breezy Hill Orchard & Cider Mills is located at 828 Centre Road, Staatsburg, NY 12580 in Dutchess County.

From Breezy Hill Orchard and Cider Mill: "We produce a line of exceptional farm-based ciders with style and character. Drawing on classic European cider making techniques, our highly drinkable ciders have a robust new world flavor profile. The cidery is based at two beloved Hudson Valley farms, Breezy Hill Orchard near Rhinebeck and Stone Ridge Orchard near New Paltz. The farms are known for their commitment to ecological growing and the production of highly flavored fruit. The orchards produce over 100 varieties of apples and have just planted a dedicated hard cider orchard with a number of traditional cider apples including Dabinett, Bedan, Binet Rouge, Kingston Black, Chisel Jersey, Ashmeads Kernel, and others." Breezy Hill Orchard and Cider Mill | Dutchess  website and more . . .

 More Hudson Valley  Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting

Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting | Albany Albany County
      [4 listings over 3 locations]
Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting | Columbia Columbia County
      [6 listings over 5 locations]
Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting | Greene Greene County
      [2 listings over 1 location]
Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting | Orange Orange County
      [9 listings over 6 locations]
Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting | Putnam Putnam County
      [2 listings over 1 location]
Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting | Rensselaer Rensselaer County
      [4 listings over 3 locations]
Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting | Rockland Rockland County
      [2 listings over 1 location]
Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting | Ulster Ulster County
      [16 listings over 9 locations]
Wineries | Wine Trails | Wine Tasting | Westchester Westchester County
      [4 listings over 3 locations]


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Wineries and Wine Trails
Dutchess County
Hudson Valley

List of Wineries and Wine Trails in Dutchess County. Find Hudson Valley Wineries, Hudson Valley Wine Trails and Hudson Valley Winery Tours. Visit the wine tasting rooms where you can taste award-winning wines. Learn about the history of wine making as you tour the wineries in the Hudson Valley. Find winery locations, tasting menus, wine tasting options, and more about the wineries in Dutchess County and the Historic Hudson Valley.

Visit one or more of the wineries in Dutchess County. Follow the Dutchess Wine Trail, a picturesque trail passing the vineyards, orchards, and farms that provide the healthy and wonderful bounty of Dutchess County. The Dutchess Wine Trail stops at Clinton Vineyards & Winery, and Millbrook Vineyards & Winery, only a half hour apart.

Wineries in Dutchess County include Cascade Mountain Winery & Restaurant in Amenia, Clinton Vineyards in Clinton Corners, Millbrook Vineyards & Winery in Millbrook, Oak Summit Vineyard in Millbrook, and Alison Wines & Vineyards in Red Hook.

Visit one or more of the wineries in Orange County and learn about the history of each winery. Book a trip to visit the wineries in the Hudson Valley. For a great day out on the winery trail, plan a tour of several wineries. Before embarking on your trip to the wineries in the Hudson Valley, read all about The Art of Wine Tasting.

Plan a vacation in the Hudson Valley of New York. The Hudson Valley offers a wealth of historic sites, magnificent scenery, and many outdoor activities. Activities in the Hudson Valley include boating on the Hudson River, hiking and biking trails through stunning landscape, birding and nature study in hundreds of peaceful sanctuaries and parks throughout the valley. The towns of the Hudson Valley are home to many award winning golf courses including Van Cortlandt Park Golf Course, America's oldest public golf course and the golf course at Mohonk, a 107-year-old historic landmark golf course.

Plan a winery tour in the Hudson Valley and experience the charming wine tasting rooms where you can taste some of the valley's award-winning wines. Tour the wineries in Dutchess County, meet the owners, and learn about the art of making wine. Have a delightful lunch outdoors, or end your day by dining al fresco overlooking the beautiful vineyards.

Plan a vacation visiting the wineries in the Historic Hudson River Valley. The Hudson Valley offers more than 30 wineries, magnificent scenery, the majestic Hudson River, and the Hudson Highlands as a backdrop to the lovely vineyards. View the scenery that inspired the Hudson River School American art movement. Taste the wines, visit the winemakers, learn about the history of each winery and about wine making.

In between visits to the wineries, go boating, hiking, birding, and take in the amazing landscape of the Hudson River Valley. Stop at Breezy Hill Orchard or one of the other local farms in Dutchess County where you can buy food to enjoy on a picnic out in the fresh air.

Relax at one of the beautiful parks in Dutchess. When its time to eat have a picnic at a nearby park and enjoy the produce from a local farm. Dine on freshly baked bread, cheeses, fresh fruit, and your favorite bottle of Hudson Valley wine.

The Art of Winemaking
Winemaking is an art. Grapes vary by climate, type and soil. There are several hundred widely different cultivars of grapes grown in the United States. The cultivars are grouped into four types: European (Vitis vinifera), American (Vitis labrusca and its derivatives), Muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia) and French hybrids, crosses of V. vinifera cultivars with disease-resistant wild American species. There are many different styles of wine, and there are many ways to make each style. No two winemakers seem to agree on the "exact or correct" way to make wine.

Types Of Wine
The types of grapes used to make a wine are the most important factor in the taste of the wine. However, the flavors are also affected by other factors such as soil, exposure to sunlight, climate, how the grapes are handled and fermented, types of yeast used, whether the wine is aged in wood, etc. Because of this, the same type of wine can be produced in several different regions, yet, taste different.

Varietal refers to the grape variety used to make a particular wine. Serious wine-producing countries and states regulate the amount of a particular grape that make up a particular wine. In California and Washington any wine referred to by the name of the grape (Chardonnay, for example) must be at least 75% of that grape; most varietals in Oregon must be 90% of the named grape; and Alsace requires 100%.

History of Wine
Wine has been around for thousands of years. From ancient civilizations to modern times, wine has been produced and enjoyed by peasants and kings. Evidence of wine production dates as far back as 6000 BC, to early Mesopotamian culture. The Mesopotamians were the first known people to cultivate grapes.

The ancient Egyptians recorded the harvest of grapes on stone tablets and the walls of their tombs. The Egyptians loved wine and imported what they could not grow. The Egyptian Pharaohs were especially fond of wine. Some of them were buried with bottles of wine in order to make their journey to the underworld more tolerable. Wine was a social drink in Ancient Egypt and great importance was given to its production and consumption. The Egyptians were not the first to grow wine, but they were the first to record the process of wine making and celebrate its values.

    Wine in Ancient Greece and Rome
    Wine in ancient Greece was praised and immortalized by poets, historians and artists. Wine also played a role in the religion of Ancient Greece associated with the god Dionysus. Like the Egyptians, ordinary citizens did not consume wine. It was considered a privilege of the upper classes.

      During the time of the Roman Empire, the production of wine spread throughout Europe. At this time, wine became available to the common citizens. Some cities even built bars on almost every street in order to promote wine. Roman wine was said to be sweet rather than dry. Pure red or white wines were almost unthinkable in Ancient Rome. The Romans believed that flavoring was more important than the original taste of the wine. They added such flavors as fermented fish sauce, garlic and onion to their wines.

    The Dark Ages
    During the ďDark AgesĒ, wine production was mainly kept alive through the efforts of monasteries. As the Church extended their monasteries, they began to develop some of the finest vineyards in Europe. Although most wine production was done in monasteries, some religious believers diluted their wine with water in order to make it "safer" for them to drink. Since most of Europe lacked a reliable source of drinking water, wine was considered to be an important part of their everyday diet. During this time, people also begin to favor stronger, heavier wines.

    14th and 15th Century
    England began importing wine from Germany when they lost Bordeaux to the French in the 14th century. Portugal also shipped wine to England, which helped keep the two countries on friendly terms. During Shakespeare's time, wine was very much a staple of the diet. Beer was a favored alternative, yet wine enjoyed more attention. It was during this time, when wine began to diversify and consumers began to value the concept of variety in their drinking. Citizens of Shakespeare's age clearly enjoyed drinking wine and began to discuss its virtues and pitfalls with greater enthusiasm than in the previous centuries. By the end of the 16th Century, for the first time, an abundant supply of fresh drinking water was available to London and so the wine industry was moved into a new age.

    17th and 18th Century
    The wine industry saw a brief decline in the 17th century. Politics and religious propaganda did little to promote the drinking of wine for pleasure. Wine also had to face the rival of a clean and readily available supply of drinking water. Despite all of this, many new developments helped the wine industry keep its popularity. The invention of better glass making, the cork and other accessories, as well as better methods of production helped to promote wine in the 17th century.

      Wine went through several changes during the 18th century. England witnessed many of these due to its political relations with France. Because of the strained relations with France, the English were without a major source of wine and had to look elsewhere for their drink. They turned to Portugal, Holland, and South Africa for their wine.

      Despite their strained relations with the British, the French wine industry soared in the 18th century. Many people feel that this was when the wines of Bordeaux really began to flourish. The merchants who frequented the Bordeaux region came from Holland, Germany, Ireland and even Scandinavia. As a result, Bordeaux was able to successfully trade wine for coffee and other much sought after items from the New World, which helped cement the role of wine in the growing industry of world trade.

    19th Century
    During the early 19th century, when the British were fighting the Napoleonic Wars, they were unable to get a steady supply of wine from France, and instead turned to Portugal. Port became the favored wine in England during this time.

      Champagne also gained favor in the 19th century. The French widow Nicole-Barbe Clicquot-Ponsardin is credited with making Champagne the celebrity wine of the world. She found easier ways to remove the sediment from Champagne and replaced it with wine, sugar, and brandy. She also organized the production of Champagne so that it could be done in an assembly line, making this beverage truly "modern."

      The wines of New World began challenging those of the Old World in the 19th century. Thomas Jefferson was convinced that the lack of fine wines in America was driving his fellow citizens to drink too much hard liquor. This idea carried on after his death and influenced the way Americans viewed wine. Ohio was the first region in America to successfully grow grapes for wine. Its glory soon faded, however, and California soon took its place.

      Although the 19th century is considered to be the golden age of wines for the Bordeaux and Burgundy regions, it was not without tragedy. Around 1863 many of the French grapevines began to suffer from a mysterious disease. It was soon discovered that this disease was the caused by the Phylloxera aphid. Some French winemakers at this time, moved to the Rioja region in northern Spain, and taught the Spaniards to make wine from local Tempranillo grapes.

    Modern Times
    The last 90 years have seen a revolution in the wine industry. The scientific background of wine making has developed greatly, allowing for many things that were once impossible to be accomplished. An example of this would be refrigeration. Before the 1940s, wine was supplied to people according to their geographic location. After the development of refrigeration, it was easier for wineries to control the temperature of their fermentation process. This enabled high quality wines to be produced in hot climates.

      Machines that harvest grapes more quickly have allowed vineyards to become larger and more efficient. Grapes can also be harvested during day or night, allowing vineyards to control the temperature and climate when grapes are harvested.

      Modern wine makers can now achieve total control of every stage of wine making, from harvesting and crushing to bottling. Though recent advances in technology have benefited the wine industry, they have also led to the temptation to produce more wine at the expense of quality. Wine makers face the challenge of producing wine for a larger market without losing the character and individual flavor of their wines. More countries are producing more varieties of wine than ever before. Advances in technology will ensure that this trend will continue, with more countries producing more wine, and better wine.

The Vineyard
A well-cared-for vineyard will often outlive the person who planted it. Adequate soil preparation is very important. This preparation should begin at least a year before the vineyard is to be set out. It should be designed to subdue weeds, to improve the physical condition of the soil, and to add humus. This is easy to do before the vineyard is established but is difficult to do after the vines are in place. A soil sample should be taken to determine potassium, magnesium, soil pH and organic matter so that adjustments can be made before planting. The need for keeping a relatively high organic matter content in the soil cannot be overemphasized. A high humus content not only is essential for holding moisture, but it also improves the physical condition of the soil.

    Any experienced winemaker spends most of their time in the vineyard. Vineyards influence the final product of wine more so than winery manipulations and procedures can ever accomplish. Careful attention should be given to both climate and soil conditions before planting wine grapes. Particular varieties excel only in specific kinds of climate and soil conditions.

Climate
A regions climate greatly affects the types of varieties that are available for a wine producer. In selecting a grape cultivar, you must consider the number of growing degree days, the length of the growing season and the frequency of exposure to low temperatures. The time required to mature grape fruit varies with location and climate and is very dependent on the amount of heat experienced by the vine. The frequency of very cold weather will determine winter survival of the vines.

Soil
A gravelly or sandy loam soil is considered best for grapes, but they will do well on many soil types. The soil should have a fairly high water-holding capacity, not be waterlogged at any time during the year, have 3 to 5 feet of usable depth depending on texture, be of at least medium fertility and slightly acid. A soil too poor to grow other crops will not be satisfactory for a vineyard. The prospective grower should keep certain general characteristics of soils in mind in choosing a site. A sandy soil warms up rapidly and will mature a crop a few days earlier than will a clay soil but a sandy soil tends to be less fertile and to have a smaller water-holding capacity. A soil containing too much clay will also form a crust in hot weather that will adversely affect water infiltration. The water holding capacity of the soil strongly affects the final flavor of the wine.

Propagation
Grape vines are typically purchased from nurseries where they have already been grafted to prevent phylloxera infestation. New vines typically will not produce significant yields of fruit until the 3rd or 4th year. This is a very important point in terms of risk assessment and a business point of view. If the crop is lost via fire, flood, or some other natural disaster or accident, the winery would lose 3-5 years without any income. This makes the vineyard an extremely high-risk asset.

Layout
Several factors must be considered in deciding on the best planting distances for a vineyard. First, there should be enough space between rows to allow for convenient tractor cultivation and spraying; second, there should be enough space between plants in the row so that adjoining vines will not intermingle too much; and third, sufficient space should be allowed so that there will be little competition between the roots of adjoining plants for nutrients and water.

General Winery Operations

    Harvest
    The vine cycle depends largely upon the regions climate. In California, the vine cycle begins around April 1st when new shoots elongate during April and May and the vine flowers around May 15th. Tiny berries begin to grow but remain green and hard until about July 15th. Veraison begins then and the berries begin to develop color and to soften. Fruit is usually harvested around September 15th. The harvest date is largely dependent upon the variety, the location, and the weather.

    Before wine is removed or harvested in the vineyard, the amount of sugar in the grape must be measured. The acidity level must also be measured before harvesting the grapes from the vine. Two common methods are titration (grams of tartaric acid per 100 mL of juice) and pH.

    Once the sugar is measured, the wine maker can estimate the alcohol concentration of the finished product. These methods have all been developed to aid the vineyard in giving the winery the best possible grape for the desired purpose.

    Crushing
    The grapes are crushed to make the juice accessible to the yeast. Crushed grapes are called the must. The must is made up of 80% juice, 16% skins (wine pigment), 4% seeds (tannins = wine flavor and aging characteristics). Therefore, controlling the amount of contact achieved between the juice, skins, and seeds is critical to the flavor, color, and overall final product of the wine.

    Additions
    Several additions may be made to the must before pressing it. SO2 is commonly added to inhibit oxidation and kill undesirable micro-organisims. However, if the winery chooses to put SO2 into their wine, US law requires the winery to write "contains sulfites" on the bottle label.

    Although in most cases the winery is aware of the amount of sugar in the grapes they are crushing, sometimes winemakers wish to add sugar to the must to either enhance flavor or raise the alcohol concentration. The act of adding sugar to the must after crushing is called chapitalization. Chapitalization is illegal in California and in southern Europe. Adjustments may also be made to the mustís acidity.

    Pressing
    Pressing is done to separate the skins, seeds, and any other non-juice must item from the juice. There are several different types of presses used in the winery industry. Some of the more popular ones are the screw, membrane/bladder, moving head, and basket presses. The basket press has a piston which pushes the fruit down in a cylinder. The moving head press is similar to the basket press except it presses horizontally as opposed vertically.

    Racking, Fermentation, and Aging
    Racking is the process of transferring juice or wine away from the settled lees. Titration and centrifugation are alternative means by which a winemaker could use instead of racking.

    Fermentation is typically initiated by adding 1 to 2 percent by volume of cultured yeast to the juice or must. Although there are many different kinds of fermenting vessels used throughout the global wine industry, in the United States, most modern wineries use stainless steel tanks. The fermentation process is regulated closely by managing the temperature of the vessel and yeast. This requires that refrigeration jackets or heat exchangers be installed on the fermenting vessel.

    The most common way wine was aged in the past, and the tradition persists to this day is via barrels. Barrel aging is typically used for red wines and adds vanilla, spicy, and sometimes smoky flavors to the wine.

    French Barrels
    French oak is the primary type of wine barrel used today staying in line with a strong European wine making tradition. French oak is the barrel of choice for chardonnay. France uses somewhat of an appellation system that designates the forest from where the wood was purchased to make the barrel (i.e. Limousine forest) and hence some wineries specify not only the country but also the specific forest location of the wood that used. Due to the long lasting reputation and high labor costs, French wine barrels run between $700 and $800 per barrel.

    American Barrels
    Although new to the world wine making industry, American oak wine barrels on a number of occasions have been proven to be capable of producing high quality wines and thus their usage is on the rise. American oak is the barrel of choice for Australian Shiraz because of the pleasing distinct flavors that complement that style of wine. American barrels are less expensive than the average French barrel ranging between $250 and $300 per barrel. The current trend is that as the price of wine barrels increase the usage of American oak barrels increases as well. Because American barrels have lower labor costs and are relatively new thus not having a long consistent history, they are substantially less expensive than French barrels.

    Combination Barrels
    Outside of the French barrels made by the French and American barrels made by the Americans, there are Americans who make barrels using imported French wood and French who make barrels using imported American wood. The prices vary slightly from the barrels described in the two sections above.

      The average useful life of both American and French barrels are roughly 5 years. However, innovations such as inner stay oak slates or carving away a few layers of wood inside the barrel can extend the life of a barrel up to 10 years. Furthermore, all barrels should be topped off roughly once a week to eliminate void air space.

    Blending, Fining, Filtration and Bottling

      Wine coming from different batches, varieties, vineyards, fruit maturities, and wine making treatments are sometimes blended by the winemaker in order to produce a more uniform final product.

      Fining Agents are used to take out undesirable particles, which tend to make the wine "hazy". By fining the wine, the wines clarity is greatly improved. This is critical to white, blush, and sparkling wines where clarity is very important to the average consumer.

      Wine is then filtered to further clarify and stabilize the wine.

      The last step before the wine leaves the winery is bottling. Most wines are aged in the bottles for a few months up to a few years depending on the wine and the winery.

    Source: For the complete article "The Art of Winemaking", see www.winecountryguide.com, 2006.




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